Nearly half of the households here do not have vehicles, a multi-city study on mobility pattern has revealed.
According to the study conducted by professors of IISc and other prominent institutions, 44 per cent of the City households did not own any vehicle, while 45 per cent used two-wheelers, which was the third highest among the surveyed cities.
In Delhi, 47 per cent of the households did not own any vehicle. “The reason for such a tendency is probably a better public transport facility in the City. Also, a number of software companies provide pick-up and drop services,” Ashish Verma, assistant professor, IISc, who led the study, told Deccan Herald.
The study, titled “India Mobility Final Report”, was carried out in Delhi, Bangalore, Lucknow, Indore and Guwahati. It is part of a larger international research project, “Global Mobility Monitor Network”. The study also revealed that a mere 11 per cent of the households in Bangalore owned cars. This has been attributed to high registration costs, which was deliberately adopted by the government to discourage people from buying cars. In Delhi, 21 per cent households did not own cars.
The survey revealed that registration cost for a basic car like Maruti Suzuki Alto 800 in Bangalore was Rs 43,254 as against Rs 12, 264 in Delhi and Rs 24,491 in Indore.
In smaller cities like Lucknow and Indore, percentage of households with cars was as high as 28 per cent and 16 per cent respectively. The percentage of two-wheeler owners was even higher, at 49 and 69 per cent respectively. Among the five surveyed cities, the number of fatalities in road transport-related accidents was the lowest in Bangalore. In 2011, the City recorded just 81 such deaths per million population.
The study suggested that in big cities, severe traffic congestion, which reduced speed, was responsible for the trend.
The study also found that 18 per cent of the roads in the City were used for on-street parking. In Delhi, the figure was 14 per cent.