Two of the detained were said to be behind the creation and operation of several Internet platforms spreading propaganda, particularly for the Daesh group.
Madrid — Spain said on Tuesday it had broken up an online network accused of recruiting young women to join Daesh militants fighting in Iraq and Syria and arrested four suspects.
The arrests came as European nations scramble to halt a surge in young people wanting to travel to Iraq and Syria to fight with the militants.
Two of the suspects were arrested in Melilla, the Spanish enclave neighbouring Morocco, in the latest operation by Spain’s authorities targeting such recruiting networks.
The others were detained in Girona and Barcelona in Spain’s northeast.
Police were conducting searches of the homes of all four suspects.
The two detained in Melilla were said to be behind the creation and operation of several Internet platforms spreading propaganda, particularly for the Daesh group, the interior ministry said in a statement.
“In line with the strategy of the Daesh group, they focused on the recruitment of women who, after a process of indoctrination, would end up joining the terrorist group in conflict zones,” it said.
Private home visits were also organised for recruiting purposes and a number of young people had begun preparations to travel to war zones, the ministry said.
One of those arrested ran a “virtual community” with Daesh propaganda and more than 1,000 subscribers, it said.
On Facebook, he had a “multitude of subscribers” outside Spain, including Latin America and countries such as Belgium, France, Morocco, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, Turkey and the United States, the statement said.
One of the suspects arrested in Spain’s northeast was described as a Daesh sympathiser-turned-propagandist who had the profile of a “lone wolf” who acted alone.
The other was said to have edited and distributed videos to recruit potential militants.
The authorities were working to establish links between the two in Melilla and those in Spain’s northeast.
Spain has dismantled several similar networks, particularly in Melilla and its other north African enclave, Ceuta.
The two enclaves constitute the only land borders between Africa and Europe and attract thousands of people, mostly sub-Saharan Africans, trying to reach European countries.
An estimated 550 Western women are believed to have gone to Syria to join the militants.
Spanish authorities estimate that around 100 nationals have joined militant fighters in Iraq and Syria, a lower number than those from Britain, France and Germany.
In August two young Spanish women, one of them under 18, were arrested in Melilla on suspicion of trying to join Daesh cell in the Middle East.
Seven people were arrested in Spain and Morocco in December for allegedly recruiting young women via the Internet to join the militants fighting in Iraq and Syria.
Britain says some 500 people have travelled from the country to join terrorist groups, while France says about 1,400 residents have either joined the Daesh in Syria and Iraq or were planning to do so.
France on Monday announced that it had confiscated the passports of six suspected would-be militants and would ban another 40 from travelling.
Spain suffered one of Europe’s worst ever peacetime attacks on March 11, 2004, when Al Qaeda-inspired bombings killed 191 people in an attack on Madrid commuter trains.